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APUSH A new Era to War 1812

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

What is a unicameral legislature?
a.
a lawmaking body with a single house of elected representatives
b.
a lawmaking body with two houses of elected representatives
c.
an executive committee that preserves Britain’s political traditions
d.
an executive committee that shares power with state governments
 

 2. 

Under the Articles of Confederation, who chose the federal government’s Congress of delegates?
a.
the President
c.
state governors
b.
the people
d.
state legislatures
 

 3. 

Under the Articles of Confederation, small states like Rhode Island, wielded as much power as large states such as Virginia, because
a.
each state had one vote in Congress.
b.
there was no executive branch of government.
c.
representation was determined by a state’s population.
d.
the legislature had no lawmaking power.
 

 4. 

Which of the following provided a plan for governing western lands?
a.
Continental Congress
c.
Land Ordinance of 1785
b.
Articles of Confederation
d.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
 

 5. 

The delegates at the Constitutional Convention met to
a.
write a new Constitution.
c.
put down Shays’ rebellion.
b.
dismantle the national government.
d.
revise the Articles of Confederation.
 

 6. 

Which proposal most resembled the Articles of Confederation?
a.
the Virginia Plan
c.
the Great Compromise
b.
the New Jersey Plan
d.
the Federalist Papers
 

 7. 

The Three-Fifths Compromise resulted in
a.
abolition of the slave trade.
b.
abolition of slavery in northern states.
c.
more representation in Congress for larger states.
d.
more representation in Congress for southern states.
 

 8. 

The Federalists favored ratification because they wanted
a.
a weak executive branch.
b.
a strong central government.
c.
a purely democratic form of government.
d.
a balance of power that favored state governments.
 

 9. 

States that wanted a more democratic form of government with greater representation for the common people favored
a.
a unicameral legislature.
c.
a strong governor.
b.
a bicameral legislature.
d.
no governor.
 

 10. 

Most state constitutions guaranteed
a.
the tyranny of the majority.
c.
freedom of religion.
b.
universal suffrage.
d.
the dominance of a state church.
 

 11. 

What type of government did the Articles of Confederation create?
a.
a strong, centralized government
b.
an alliance of weak and dependent states
c.
a loose confederation of strong state governments
d.
a federal system with a bicameral legislature and a President
 

 12. 

Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
a.
Congress did not require a majority vote to pass laws.
b.
Congress allowed large states to have multiple votes.
c.
Congress could not levy or collect taxes from the states.
d.
Congress had the power to regulate interstate commerce and foreign trade.
 

 13. 

Which of the following was a tenet of the New Jersey Plan?
a.
rejected all principles of the Articles of Confederation
b.
executive committee leads the executive branch
c.
a bicameral legislature with equal representation regardless of population size
d.
states remain sovereign and had the power to veto federal laws
 

 14. 

The U.S. Constitution contains which provision from the Virginia Plan?
a.
Congress can veto any state law.
b.
The government is divided into three branches.
c.
The president can only serve one seven-year term.
d.
The House and Senate representation is proportional to population size.
 

 15. 

In what year could the Constitution go into effect?
a.
1787
c.
1789
b.
1788
d.
1790
 

 16. 

Which principle provides for a system in which the government derives its power from the governed?
a.
federalism
c.
popular sovereignty
b.
limited government
d.
separation of powers
 

 17. 

In what way does the legislative branch check the power of the judicial branch?
a.
nominates judges
c.
can rule laws unconstitutional
b.
confirms judges
d.
can override a veto
 

 18. 

Which political theory defines the different responsibilities for each branch of government?
a.
popular sovereignty
c.
separation of powers
b.
limited government
d.
federalism
 

 19. 

What was accomplished at the Constitutional Convention in 1787?
a.
The U.S. Constitution was written.
b.
The U.S. Constitution was amended.
c.
The Articles of Confederation were written.
d.
The Articles of Confederation were amended.
 

 20. 

What did the Federalists want the Constitution to provide?
a.
a bill of rights protecting basic liberties
c.
unlimited power for state governments
b.
a strong central government
d.
citizens’ conventions
 

 21. 

Antifederalists criticized the Constitution as
a.
concentrating too much power in the hands of a few.
b.
granting too much power to the states.
c.
weakening the national government by guaranteeing civil liberties.
d.
containing too many checks and balances.
 

 22. 

Which of the following was a prominent Federalist?
a.
Samuel Adams
c.
Richard Henry Lee
b.
Patrick Henry
d.
James Madison
 

 23. 

To win support for the Constitution, Federalists promised to add
a.
the abolition of slavery.
c.
a strong federal judiciary.
b.
the popular election of the President.
d.
a bill of rights.
 

 24. 

Critics of the Virginia Plan were concerned that
a.
a federal court system was needed to review laws.
b.
a bicameral legislature would give small states too much influence.
c.
a strong President would gain king-like power.
d.
a unicameral legislature would give too much power to the common people.
 

 25. 

Which of the following describes federalism?
a.
State governments dominate a weak national legislature.
b.
State and national governments share power.
c.
A strong executive directs national policy for dependent states.
d.
A strong national legislature gives equal voice to all citizens.
 

 26. 

The Three-Fifths Compromise
a.
abolished slavery in the North.
b.
outlawed the slave trade while allowing slavery to continue in the South.
c.
guaranteed the freedom of any enslaved person who moved to the North.
d.
required all states to return fugitive slaves to their owners.
 
 
Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

nar001-1.jpg
 

 27. 

Which fort in the Northwest Territory was located farthest north?
a.
Fort Kaskaskia
c.
Fort Detroit
b.
Fort Mackinac
d.
Fort Harmar
 

 28. 

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
a.
created five new states.
b.
allowed new settlers to have slaves.
c.
set up rules and procedures for territories to request admission into the United States as a state.
d.
provided a system for distributing public lands by creating townships that were divided into 640-acre sections.
 

 29. 

One of Washington’s most important precedents was the
a.
selection of a Vice President.
c.
signing of the Judiciary Act.
b.
formation of a Cabinet.
d.
ending of the Supreme Court.
 

 30. 

Why did southern farmers oppose Hamilton’s plans for the economy?
a.
They favored the charter of a Bank of the United States.
b.
They wanted the Federal government to assume state debt.
c.
They did not favor supporting the economy with agriculture.
d.
They did not want to pay taxes to help the northern states.
 

 31. 

The political debates over the Whiskey Rebellion led to
a.
an increase in federal and excise taxes.
b.
an agreement to relocate the national capital.
c.
the emergence of a two-party political system.
d.
the disappearance of Democratic Societies.
 

 32. 

Which event turned the tide of the conflict in the Ohio Valley?
a.
General Anthony Wayne’s victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers
b.
Washington’s defeat of a large Native American force in 1790
c.
Britain’s decision to supply arms to the Native Americans
d.
John Jay’s compromise with the British Navy in 1794
 

 33. 

The XYZ Affair
a.
led Congress to decrease the size of the army.
b.
roused public sentiment against France.
c.
prompted the lowering of taxes on stamps and land.
d.
occurred when Adams offended French negotiators.
 

 34. 

The Judiciary Act of 1789
a.
recognized George Washington as the first President.
b.
established the office of the Secretary of State.
c.
created a system of thirteen federal district courts.
d.
appointed the first chief justice of the United States.
 

 35. 

Whom did Washington choose to lead the State Department?
a.
Henry Knox
c.
Edmund Randolph
b.
John Adams
d.
Thomas Jefferson
 

 36. 

Which of the following was a part of Alexander Hamilton’s plan for restructuring the nation’s debt?
a.
using cash reserves to pay down state and national debts
b.
reducing tariffs on imported goods to lower prices for consumers
c.
developing a strong commercial and industrial economy
d.
banning taxes on goods such as coffee, tea, and alcoholic spirits
 

 37. 

The Whiskey Rebellion
a.
caused the formation of the Democratic Societies.
b.
led to the development of two distinct political groups.
c.
started a disagreement among supporters of the Federalists.
d.
unified northern merchants and southern farmers.
 
 
Directions: Use the quotation to answer the question below.

“This [party] spirit . . . agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity [dislike] of one part against another, foments [stirs up] occasionally riot and insurrection.”
--George Washington, Farewell Address
 

 38. 

Which of the following is an example of the animosity between political parties of which Washington speaks?
a.
the Native American defeat in the Ohio Valley
b.
the republican uprising among the French
c.
the public sentiment against the XYZ Affair
d.
the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts
 

 39. 

Which of the following was one of the policy changes Thomas Jefferson made when he became President?
a.
He urged Congress to support the Alien and Sedition Acts.
b.
He wanted to build up the nation’s army and navy.
c.
He planned to retire the national debt by paying it down.
d.
He used expensive displays to inspire the public’s respect.
 

 40. 

Chief Justice John Marshall
a.
appointed Secretary of State James Madison.
b.
nominated William Marbury as a federal judge.
c.
believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution.
d.
insisted that federal laws were superior to state laws.
 

 41. 

Jefferson made the Louisiana Purchase because
a.
he thought that by doing so he could avoid war with France.
b.
he thought it would be easier than trying to conquer the territory.
c.
he wanted access to the Caribbean colony of Saint Domingue.
d.
he wanted to help the French win the war against Britain.
 

 42. 

Why was the War of 1812 significant to the United States?
a.
It showed that the nation seemed certain to endure.
b.
It represented a clear victory over the British forces.
c.
It allowed the Federalists to regain political power.
d.
It launched a new wave of Indian resistance.
 

 43. 

The British hoped to limit American settlement in the Northwest Territory by
a.
moving their forts across the Great Lakes.
b.
sending troops to attack American settlements.
c.
providing arms and ammunition to Native Americans.
d.
sending General Arthur St. Clair to patrol the area.
 

 44. 

Which of the following is an accurate description of the French Revolution?
a.
the republican uprising against the French monarchy and aristocrats
b.
the refusal of the United States to give in to France’s trade demands
c.
the beginning of France’s war with Spain over the Florida territory
d.
the decision of France to join the Native Americans’ resistance
 

 45. 

Why did the United States sign a treaty with Spain?
a.
to guarantee free shipping rights on the Mississippi River
b.
to assure Spain’s repayment of war debts to the United States
c.
to prevent Britain from shipping goods from New Orleans
d.
to stop Spain from giving up its forts on American soil
 

 46. 

One effect of the Alien and Sedition Acts was to
a.
limit the power of the Democratic Republican Party.
b.
prevent juries from acquitting innocent immigrants.
c.
provoke a crisis that briefly united the nation against France.
d.
uphold the tradition of presuming a person innocent until proved guilty.
 

 47. 

When Jefferson took office, he
a.
encouraged Congress to renew the Alien and Sedition Acts.
b.
reduced the national debt by cutting government spending.
c.
raised taxes on stamps, land, and alcoholic spirits.
d.
expanded the nation’s army, navy, and bureaucracy.
 

 48. 

What was one of John Marshall’s important accomplishments as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
a.
establishing the power of judicial review
b.
appointing William Marbury a justice
c.
ruling state laws to be superior to federal laws
d.
allowing federal regulation of interstate commerce
 

 49. 

Which of the following was a result of the Louisiana Purchase?
a.
Jefferson allied with the British against France.
b.
Spanish forces gained control of New Orleans.
c.
The size of the United States nearly doubled.
d.
France regained control of the West Indies.
 

 50. 

The embargo Jefferson declared against Britain in 1807
a.
disrupted the British economy and closed British factories.
b.
caused a substantial increase in profits for American merchants.
c.
allowed American farmers to export goods to foreign markets.
d.
angered American voters and led to increased Federalist support.
 

 51. 

A group of young politicians called the War Hawks wanted to restore national honor by
a.
letting Native Americans keep their land.
b.
leading an invasion of British-held Canada.
c.
capturing Florida Territory from the Spanish.
d.
building a professional army and navy.
 

 52. 

What was one result of the American invasion of Canada?
a.
The state militias gained reputations for courage.
b.
Detroit was surrendered to the British army.
c.
Successful invasions bolstered American pride.
d.
British troops surrendered to the American forces.
 

 53. 

During their invasion of the United States, British forces
a.
captured and burned Washington, D.C.
c.
blundered in their attack on Maine.
b.
won an important victory at Baltimore.
d.
defended their occupation of Detroit.
 

 54. 

What happened to the Federalist Party after the War of 1812?
a.
They became popular with western farmers.
b.
They joined with New England in seceding.
c.
They were mocked as defeatists and traitors.
d.
They played a lesser role in American politics.
 

Matching
 
 
Match the correct term or person with its definition. You will not use all of the terms and people.
a.
Shays’ Rebellion
h.
federalism
b.
republic
i.
Federalist
c.
John Dickinson
j.
Antifederalist
d.
Northwest Territory
k.
popular sovereignty
e.
Alexander Hamilton
l.
separation of powers
f.
James Madison
m.
electoral college
g.
Virginia Plan
 

 55. 

a group of people chosen from each state to elect the President indirectly
 

 56. 

system in which power is shared by state and national governments
 

 57. 

a supporter of the Constitution
 

 58. 

the delegate who wrote the Virginia Plan
 

 59. 

the leader of the Continental Congress that produced the original constitution
 

 60. 

system in which different branches of government have different responsibilities
 

 61. 

land north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania to the Mississippi River
 

 62. 

a delegate who thought that a balanced government should have elements of aristocracy and monarchy as well as of republicanism
 

 63. 

opponent of the Constitution
 

 64. 

government in which people elect officials to represent them
 
 
Match the correct term or person with its definition. You will not use all of the terms and people.
a.
precedent
h.
John Marshall
b.
strict construction
i.
Louisiana Purchase
c.
Democratic Republican
j.
impressment
d.
John Jay
k.
War Hawks
e.
Alien Act
l.
Andrew Jackson
f.
Virginia and Kentucky resolutions
m.
Treaty of Ghent
g.
bureaucracy
 

 65. 

authorized the arrest and deportation of immigrants who criticized the federal government
 

 66. 

early political party led by Thomas Jefferson
 

 67. 

agreement that ended the War of 1812
 

 68. 

captured Creek Indian lands in Alabama and the Spanish fort at Pensacola in Florida
 

 69. 

claimed the power of judicial review for Supreme Court
 

 70. 

an act or statement that becomes a tradition to be followed
 

 71. 

the departments and workers that make up the government
 

 72. 

negotiated a peace treaty to avoid costly war with Britain
 

 73. 

limiting the federal government to powers explicitly granted by the Constitution
 

 74. 

taking sailors from their ships and forcing them into duty
 

Short Answer
 
 
Directions: Use the quote to answer the following question on a separate sheet of paper.

[T]hese Powers . . . are so distributed among the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches, into which the general Government is arranged, that it can never be in danger of degenerating into a monarchy, an Oligarchy, an Aristocracy, or any other despotic or oppressive form; so long as there shall remain any virtue in the body of the People. . . . It will at least be a recommendation to the proposed Constitution that it is provided with more checks and barriers against the introduction of tyranny . . . than any government [ever] instituted among mortals [has] possessed. We are not to expect perfection in this world: but mankind, in modern times, have apparently made some progress in the science of Government. Should that which is now offered to the People of America, be found on experiment less perfect than it can be made—a Constitutional door is left open for its [repair]. . . . So many, I may add, such contradictory, and, in my opinion, unfounded objections have been urged against the System [under consideration]; many of which would operate equally against every efficient Government that might be proposed.
--George Washington, letter to the Marquis de Lafayette, 1788
 

 75. 

Draw Conclusions Why does George Washington support the Constitution? To what does “a Constitutional door is left open” refer?
 

 76. 

Compare and Contrast Compare and contrast the provisions of the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of 1787. In what way was the new Constitution designed to address weaknesses in the Articles?
 

 77. 

Summarize Explain four principles on which the Constitution is founded. How does the Constitution incorporate these principles into a plan for government? How do you see these principles at work in government today?
 
 
Use the map to answer the following question on a separate sheet of paper.

nar004-1.jpg
 

 78. 

Along which body of water did the Lewis and Clark Expedition travel at the beginning of their journey?
 

 79. 

Detect Points of View Do you think John Marshall would have agreed or disagreed with the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions? Explain.
 

 80. 

Analyze Cause and Effect How did Napoleon’s defeat in early 1814 affect the War of 1812?
 



 
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